Muslim World > Nigeria


Cradle of African Diversity

Map of Nigeria

Situated in West Africa, Nigeria is a land of rich history, diverse ethnic groups, and cultures. Often referred to as the "Giant of Africa", Nigeria is home to over 250 ethnic groups, with the Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, and Fulani being the most prominent. Over 500 regional languages are spoken, although English has been the official language since colonial times. This rich tapestry of cultures has given birth to an array of languages, traditions, and cuisines that form the unique Nigerian identity.

Modern Nigerian Landscape


As Africa's most populous nation and one of its largest economies, modern Nigeria is a bustling and vibrant country. The nation's vast wealth in oil, gas, and other minerals has fueled its development and made it a key player in the global economy. Beyond its rich resources, Nigeria's strength lies in its people. Nigerians are known for their entrepreneurial spirit, resourcefulness, and resilience.

Despite the challenges of infrastructure and corruption, Nigeria has a burgeoning technology sector, a thriving film industry known as Nollywood, and a vibrant fashion scene that is recognized worldwide. Its cities, such as Lagos, Abuja, and Kano, are lively metropolises that reflect the country's dynamic energy and diversity.

Centuries-old Islamic Heritage

Abuja National Mosque

Islam has a long history in Nigeria, dating back to the 11th century, primarily in the northern regions of the country. The religion was introduced through trade and the spread of Islamic scholars, leading to the establishment of Islamic states across West Africa, including modern day Nigeria. More than 100 million Muslims live in Nigeria today representing just over half of the population, giving Nigeria one of the largest Muslim populations in Africa.

The influence of Islam is seen in Nigerian architecture, literature, and the arts, and is integral to the cultural fabric of many Nigerian societies. The cities of Kano and Sokoto, for example, are known for their beautiful mosques and Islamic schools.

Striving for Harmony

Nigerian Flag

Nigeria's diversity, while being a source of richness, has also posed challenges. The country has grappled with issues of ethnicity and religion, which have sometimes led to conflict. However, Nigeria continues to strive for unity and harmony among its diverse population, promoting a sense of national identity that respects and celebrates its many cultures.

In recent years, Nigeria has seen progress in strengthening its democracy, with efforts to enhance political participation and improve governance. However, significant work remains in addressing issues related to human rights, corruption, and socio-economic disparities.

Islam and Nigerian Society

Kano Central Mosque

Nigeria, like many other societies, is on a journey of continuous growth and development, shaped by its people's resilience, creativity, and a deep-rooted sense of community. While Nigeria continues to navigate its complex ethnic and religious dynamics, it does so with the commitment to uphold the dignity of all its citizens and foster a society that reflects all of the diverse cultures that make up this vibrant nation. As the religion of more than half of the Nigerian population, Islam and its teachings are a major part of the fabric of Nigerian society and culture.