Muslim World > Palestine


Cradle of Monotheistic Religions

Dome of the Rock

Palestine, located in the Eastern Mediterranean region, is a land steeped in historical and religious significance. It's a crucible of faith, culture, and history, having been the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and holding profound significance in Islam. The cities of Jerusalem, Bethlehem, and Hebron house key religious sites like the Al-Aqsa Mosque, Church of the Nativity, and the Ibrahimi Mosque, attracting visitors from around the globe for their spiritual and historical importance.

Current Palestine


Being at the crossroads between Europe, Asia, and Africa, Palestine has a long history of people and civilizations. At the beginning of the 20th century, Palestine was a territory of the Ottoman Empire, which collapsed shortly after the First World War. The Middle East region was subsequently colonized by Britain and France. While all other parts of the Middle East eventually gained independence, the colonization of Palestine continues to this day. Since the creation of the state of Israel in 1948 and the subsequent wars in 1956, 1967, and 1973, the Palestinian people have lived under occupation and have not been allowed to build their own independent state. Millions of Palestinians were expelled from their homes and land, and became refugees, and continue to be to this day. The Palestinian struggle for independence and freedom also continues to this day.

There are over 14 million Palestinians globally, many of whom are refugees in neighboring countries or have immigrated to countries across the world including the USA, Canada, Europe, South America, and Australia. However, around 6 million Palestinians still live in historic lands of Palestine, split almost evenly between the West Bank, the Gaza strip, and Israel. The majority of the population is of Palestinian Arab descent and are predominantly Muslim, with a small Christian minority. The residents of Palestine are known for their hospitality, rich cultural traditions, and resilience.

Despite the ongoing conflicts and restrictions, Palestinians have made substantial progress in education, with literacy rates being among the highest in the Middle East. Numerous universities, like the Birzeit University and An-Najah National University, offer quality higher education to the young population.

Agriculture and Economy

Flag of Palestine

The economy of Palestine is diverse, with agriculture, construction, and services being the main sectors. Olives, a symbol of peace and prosperity, play a central role in Palestinian agriculture, and olive oil production is a significant part of the economy. The handicraft industry, notably glass and ceramic wares, embroidery, and soap production, provides livelihoods to many families and adds a colorful strand to the cultural fabric of Palestine.

Infrastructure and Development Projects

Gaza City

Amidst adversities, Palestinians have strived to advance their infrastructure and living conditions. Numerous development projects are underway, with support from international organizations, focusing on water supply, education, healthcare, and agriculture. Palestine is also making strides in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), with the tech startup scene showing promise for economic development.

Cultural Heritage

Palestinian Flag

Palestine's cultural heritage is a vibrant tapestry woven from the threads of diverse civilizations that have inhabited this land. From traditional Palestinian embroidery, known as Tatreez, to the iconic folk dance of Dabke, the cultural expressions of Palestine are rich and diverse. Palestinian cuisine, known for dishes like Musakhan and Maqluba, is another testament to their vibrant culture.

Political Situation and Human Rights

Palestine's political landscape is complex and marked by an ongoing conflict. Despite the challenges and hardships, Palestinians continue their struggle for self-determination and statehood. While the political situation is often grim, it's important to remember that it doesn't define the people or the culture of Palestine.

In the Islamic tradition, justice, peace, and respect for human dignity are paramount values. Islam teaches equality, compassion, and respect for all people, regardless of their race, religion, or nationality. It emphasizes the importance of justice and peace, two values that are highly cherished and sought by the people of Palestine.

Palestine, a land that has weathered numerous storms throughout history, continues its journey towards peace and justice. Its resilient people, rich history, and deep-rooted culture are testimonies to their unwavering spirit of determination.